The Mississippi River is one of North America's longest rivers. It flows for approximately 2,350 miles (3,782 kilometers) from its source at Lake Itasca in northwestern Minnesota south to the Gulf of Mexico just below New Orleans, Louisiana. The famous writer Mark Twain (1835-1910) wrote several stones related to or that are set on the Mississippi. The river is also an important transportation and shipping waterway, with a significant amount of the nation's agricultural products produced in the Mississippi River Basin. These products, plus petroleum, coal, chemical products, sand, gravel, stone, and more are shipped along the Mississippi on boats and barges upriver to US markets or to the port in New Orleans for transporting overseas.
THE RINGLING CIRCUS MUSEUM, Sarasota, Florida
On view are posters, costumes, parade wagons, a cannon, and many other props and equipment used by circus performers. A highlight of the museum is The Howard Bros. Circus Model, a miniature circus representing Ringling Bros, and Barnum & Bailey Circus shows from 1919 to 1938. Begun more than fifty years ago, pieces are still being added to the one-sixteenth scale model of a three-ring circus. It consists of more than 42,000 items, including a 59-car train, 152 wagons, 8 main tents, more than 800 animals, 1,300 workers and performers, and 7,000 folding chairs. This must-see miniature circus has been delighting visitors of all ages since it was installed in 2006.
The bell was originally installed in the Pennsylvania State House in 1753, and over the next ninety-three years it was rung for various important events, people, and governmental acts. In the 1830s, the bell was adopted as a emblem of liberty by abolitionists fighting to end slavery, and eventually it became known as the Liberty Bell. No one knows for sure when the bell first cracked, but an attempt to repair the crack by widening it failed when the bell was rung (for the last time) on George Washington's birthday in February 1846. The bell weighs 2,079 lbs (944 kilograms) and is made mostly of copper (70%) and tin (25%). Since 2003 it has been housed at the Liberty Bell Center in Philadelphia.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN, Washington, DC
The building in Washington, DC, which opened in 2004. Extensive, diverse collections contain more than eight hundred thousand items representing more than twelve thousand years of history. These include works of historical and religious significance plus items of everyday use, such as weapons, cooking utensils, home items, and clothing, among them carefully sewn moccasins made of soft leather, such as deerskin or beaten buffalo hide. The museum also offers performances, lectures, educational programs, and family events.
SANDY HOOK LIGHTHOUSE
Fort Hancock, New Jersey
This is the oldest standing lighthouse in the United States. Its lamp, which was first lit in 1764, originally burned whale oil but was converted to incandescent electric lights in 1896. Today it is lit by a 1,000-watt bulb magnified through prisms that beam the light 19 nautical miles (22 miles or 35 kilometers) out to sea. The 88-foot- (26.8-meter-) tall lighthouse was built to guide ships safely into and out of New York Harbor, where the tower's thick stone walls protected it from cannon fire during the Revolutionary War.
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HARLEM, New York City, New York
For more than two hundred years, 125th Street in upper Manhattan, New York City, has been a major crosstown route, passing through the Harlem neighborhood. In the early 1900s, African Americans began moving into Harlem; and ever since 125th Street has been the main thoroughfare of the bustling neighborhood, which is still a major residential and cultural center for African Americans. The street, which has a vibrant rhythm and energy all its own, is home to the world-famous Apollo Theater, where scores of performers of yesterday and today have gotten their starts. A host of large and small shops, restaurants, and markets also line the street. And nearby is a Magic Johnson movie theater complex, named for former Los Angeles Lakers basketball star Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr.
This is the oldest Major League baseball park in the US, earning it the nickname of America's Most Beloved Ballpark. The stadium can seat approximately 37,000 people at day games and 37,500 at night games, making it also one of the smallest ballparks In the country. Fenway is known for the Green Monster, its 37-foot, 2-inch- (11.3-meter-) tall green left-field wall. About three million people attend Red Sox games at Fenway each year, and the team has won the World Senes eight times, most recently in 2013. In addition to baseball games. Fenway Park has hosted football, soccer, and hockey games: concerts; and political events.
The American Falls, pictured with the poem, range from 90 feet (27.4 meters) to 120 feet (36.6 meters) from the top of the falls to the rocks below. The falls were formed an estimated twelve thousand years ago. Today, millions of people visit each year to witness the falls’ breathtaking beauty and hear their thunderous roar. The origin of the name Niagara is likely Mohawk since the first Europeans to see the falls were guided by Mohawks. In Mohawk, the root meaning of throat-neck is Oh-ni-ah-sa. which means "inside the neck", and may refer to the narrow flow of water between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, which are connected by the falls. The first written version of Niagara appeared in 1641 as Onguiaahra, which has been translated as "Thunder of Waters".
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